Hypertension or high blood pressure

What is blood pressure?

It is the pressure of blood on the walls of the main blood vessels connected to the heart when it pumps the blood at it’s full contraction (systole) and when it relaxes (diastole). The normal pressure is 120/80, however it does fluctuate depending upon the activity that a person is doing, for example; lying down, standing up or running. This pressure also reflects the amount of blood our organs are exposed to, providing them with nutrients and oxygen for them to work. Hence, a high blood pressure can cause major issues with important organs of our body such as the kidney and the heart itself.


Most of the times the symptoms of high blood pressure may be easily overlooked. It is a major risk factor for heart diseases and stroke. The medical name of high blood pressure is Hypertension. Exercise is Medicine Australia fact sheet has the following table for grading hypertension from mild to severe:

What are the causes and symptoms of Hypertension or high blood pressure?

There are a number of factors that may contribute to the development of high blood pressure:


  • Family history
  • Diet- foods rich in bad fats , salt and sugar
  • Alcohol
  • Being overweight with minimal physical activity


High blood pressure may present with dizziness and general feeling of anxiety or hyperactivity. Although the symptoms may not be clear it is important to see a doctor as soon as you feel unwell or anxious.

How does exercise help high blood pressure?

Aerobic exercise has a direct effect in reducing high blood pressure. On average it is reduced by 6-7 mmHg. Regular physical activity and diet control is the first treatment recommended by doctors in lowering blood pressure. In case it is excessively high the doctors will prescribe medication to keep the blood pressure in check.

How do Exercise physiologists help?

exercises, gym , gym program, strengthening exercisesExercise physiologists are university trained professionals who show exercises that help in the recovery of injuries. They specifically work on muscles that will strengthen weak muscles and protect the body part from future problems. Unfortunately a lot of people are unaware of the benefits of seeing an Exercise Physiologist. They have knowledge to prescribe exercises to improve serious condition such as heart problems, chronic lung diseases and diabetes.


If you are still unsure of how we can help, give us a call now and arrange to speak with our Exercise Physiologist. You may be able to get 5 sessions on Medicare or 8 group classes to control your diabetes.