What is type 2 diabetes?

According to Diabetes Australia, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. Hence, it cannot maintain normal levels of glucose or sugar in the blood. Although glucose is required for proper functioning of our body, excessive levels can have dire consequences.

As as result, when people eat certain foods like bread, pasta, cereals, fruits or starchy vegetables, the blood sugar level hikes up. This is why it is very important to measure and track blood sugar levels before and after eating. There are 3 main types of diabetes:

  1. type 1 diabetes or insulin dependent, cannot produce insulin.
  2. type 2 diabetes. This is the most common one, body cells ‘resist’ insulin which reduces blood glucose levels.
  3. gestational diabetes that can develop during pregnancy, which can last until the end of pregnancy.

Consequences of Diabetes

If uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to:

  • Cataracts or blindness
  • Kidney failure
  • Increased risk of heart attacks and stroke
  • Cause nerve damage
  • Affect blood circulation is fingers and toes
  • Anxiety and depression

Reference: PDB-101: Global Health: Diabetes Mellitus (2016). Retrieved from https://pdb101.rcsb.org/global-health/diabetes-mellitus/monitoring/complications

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The most common symptoms of diabetes are as follows:

  • Being excessively thirsty
  • Going to the toilet frequently

  • Cramping in the muscles

  • Blurred vision

  • Unexplained weight loss or even weight gain

  • Headaches

  • Moodiness and laziness

  • Inability for injuries /cuts to heal quickly

  • Always feeling hungry

How does exercise help type 2 diabetes?

Although exercise cannot cure diabetes, it changes the way muscles respond to the hormone insulin and help control the blood sugar levels. The muscles quickly absorb the blood sugar during and after exercise thus helping to reduce the glucose levels. Also, regular exercise improves the blood circulation and makes the heart stronger. Remember that the heart is also a muscle and it needs regular exercise to keep fit. Exercise releases good chemicals in the body that help to improve mental health as well.

Bulk billed sessions on Medicare for treatment on a Care Plan:

A person suffering from Diabetes is eligible to get 5 sessions on Medicare with an Exercise Physiologist. They advise you on how to control diabetes with the help of exercise and diet. A care plan is a form that your doctor fills out to request these sessions through medicare. All you need to do is talk to your GP!

Bulk billed Group sessions:

Especially for Type 2 diabetes sufferers, there are 8 group sessions available through a special program which is also bulk billed. These sessions are also delivered by an Exercise Physiologist who will do a complete assessment in the first session and show you exercises that suit your lifestyle.

How can our therapist treat type 2 diabetes?

Exercise physiologists are university trained professionals who show exercises that help in the recovery of injuries. They specifically work on muscles that will strengthen weak muscles and protect the body part from future problems. Unfortunately a lot of people are unaware of the benefits of seeing an Exercise Physiologist. They have knowledge to prescribe exercises to improve serious condition such as heart problems, chronic lung diseases and diabetes.

If you are still unsure of how we can help, give us a call now and arrange to speak with our Exercise Physiologist. You may be able to get 5 sessions on Medicare or 8 group classes to control your diabetes.

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